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Brainstorming
Brainstorming
Brainstorming session

Can exosomes be used to treat Sarcopenia?

Can exosomes be used to treat Sarcopenia?

Image credit: Ryan McGuire from Pixabay

By Subash Chapagain on Nov 21, 2020

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[2] von Haehling S, Morley JE, Anker SD. An overview of sarcopenia: facts and numbers on prevalence and clinical impact. J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle 2010;1:129–133.

[3] Lo, J. H.-, U, K. P., Yiu, T., Ong, M. T.-, & Lee, W. Y.-. (2020). Sarcopenia: Current treatments and new regenerative therapeutic approaches. Journal of Orthopaedic Translation, 23, 38–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jot.2020.04.002

[4] Naranjo J, D, Dziki J, L, Badylak S, F: Regenerative Medicine Approaches for Age-Related Muscle Loss and Sarcopenia: A Mini-Review. Gerontology 2017;63:580-589. doi: 10.1159/000479278

[5] Barone R, Macaluso F, Sangiorgi C, Campanella C, Marino Gammazza A, Moresi V, et al. Skeletal muscle heat shock protein 60 increases after endurance training and induces peroxisome proliferator‐activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha1 expression. Sci Rep 2016;6:19781.

[6] Safdar A, Saleem A, Tarnopolsky MA. The potential of endurance exercise‐derived exosomes to treat metabolic diseases. Nat Rev Endocrinol 2016;12:504–517.

[7] Murphy C, Withrow J, Hunter M, Liu Y, Tang YL, Fulzele S, et al. Emerging role of extracellular vesicles in musculoskeletal diseases. Mol Aspects Med 2018;60:123–128.

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Creative contributions

Using CRISPR to target Myostatin Gene

[1] Enhanced CRISPR-Cas9 correction of Duchenne muscular dystrophy in mice by a self-complementary AAV delivery system BY YU ZHANG, HUI LI, YI-LI MIN, EFRAIN SANCHEZ-ORTIZ, JIAN HUANG, ALEX A. MIREAULT, JOHN M. SHELTON, JIWOONG KIM, PRADEEP P. A. MAMMEN, RHONDA BASSEL-DUBY, ERIC N. OLSON SCIENCE ADVANCES19 FEB 2020 : EAAY6812

[2] Cohen, S, Nathan, JA and Goldberg, AL (2015). Muscle wasting in disease: molecular mechanisms and promis- ing therapies. Nat Rev Drug Discov 14: 58–74.

[3] Lee, YS, Huynh, TV and Lee, SJ (2016). Paracrine and endocrine modes of myostatin actin. J Appl Physiol (1985) 120: 592–598.

[4] Prevention of Muscle Wasting by CRISPR/Cas9-mediated Disruption of Myostatin In Vivo Wei, Yuda et al. Molecular Therapy, Volume 24, Issue 11, 1889 - 1891

[5] Weng, S., Gao, F., Wang, J. et al. Improvement of muscular atrophy by AAV–SaCas9-mediated myostatin gene editing in aged mice. Cancer Gene Ther (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41417-020-0178-7

[6] Systemic gene transfer reveals distinctive muscle transduction profile of tyrosine mutant AAV-1, -6, and -9 in neonatal dogs Hakim, Chady H et al. Molecular Therapy - Methods & Clinical Development, Volume 1, 14002

[7] Langley B, Thomas M, Bishop A, Sharma M, Gilmour S, Kambadur R. Myostatin inhibits myoblast differentiation by down-regulating MyoD expression. J Biol Chem. 2002 Dec 20;277(51):49831-40. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M204291200. Epub 2002 Sep 18. PMID: 12244043.

by Antonio Carusillo on Nov 24, 2020

Natural compounds to treat sarcopenia

[1] Chang, Yun‐Ching, et al. "Oligonol alleviates sarcopenia by regulation of signaling pathways involved in protein turnover and mitochondrial quality." Molecular nutrition & food research 63.10 (2019): 1801102.

[2] Ebert, Scott M., et al. "Identification and small molecule inhibition of an activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4)-dependent pathway to age-related skeletal muscle weakness and atrophy." Journal of Biological Chemistry 290.42 (2015): 25497-25511.

[3] Ryu, Dongryeol, et al. "Urolithin A induces mitophagy and prolongs lifespan in C. elegans and increases muscle function in rodents." Nature medicine 22.8 (2016): 879-888.

by Jamila on Nov 25, 2020

Targeting the Senescent Associated Secretory Phenotype (SASP)

[1] Klimczak A, Kozlowska U, Kurpisz M. Muscle Stem/Progenitor Cells and Mesenchymal Stem Cells of Bone Marrow Origin for Skeletal Muscle Regeneration in Muscular Dystrophies. Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz). 2018;66(5):341-354. doi:10.1007/s00005-018-0509-7

[2] Yin H, Price F, Rudnicki MA. Satellite cells and the muscle stem cell niche. Physiol Rev. 2013;93(1):23-67. doi:10.1152/physrev.00043.2011

[3] Sugihara H, Teramoto N, Yamanouchi K, Matsuwaki T, Nishihara M. Oxidative stress-mediated senescence in mesenchymal progenitor cells causes the loss of their fibro/adipogenic potential and abrogates myoblast fusion. Aging (Albany NY). 2018;10(4):747-763. doi:10.18632/aging.101425

[4] Casella G, Munk R, Kim KM, Piao Y, De S, Abdelmohsen K, Gorospe M. Transcriptome signature of cellular senescence. Nucleic Acids Res. 2019 Aug 22;47(14):7294-7305. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkz555. Erratum in: Nucleic Acids Res. 2019 Dec 2;47(21):11476. PMID: 31251810; PMCID: PMC6698740.

[5] Coppé JP, Desprez PY, Krtolica A, Campisi J. The senescence-associated secretory phenotype: the dark side of tumor suppression. Annu Rev Pathol. 2010;5:99-118. doi:10.1146/annurev-pathol-121808-102144

[6] Marjolein P Baar, Eusebio Perdiguero, Pura Muñoz-Cánoves, Peter LJ de Keizer, Musculoskeletal senescence: a moving target ready to be eliminated, Current Opinion in Pharmacology, Volume 40, 2018, Pages 147-155, ISSN 1471-4892, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coph.2018.05.007.

[7] 30. Tsujinaka T et al.: Interleukin 6 receptor antibody inhibits muscle atrophy and modulates proteolytic systems in interleukin 6 transgenic mice. J Clin Invest 1996, 97:244-249.

[8] O’Leary, M.F., Wallace, G.R., Bennett, A.J. et al. IL-15 promotes human myogenesis and mitigates the detrimental effects of TNFα on myotube development. Sci Rep 7, 12997 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-13479-w

[9] Kale A, Sharma A, Stolzing A, Desprez PY, Campisi J. Role of immune cells in the removal of deleterious senescent cells. Immun Ageing. 2020;17:16. Published 2020 Jun 3. doi:10.1186/s12979-020-00187-9

[10] Inhibition of Natural Killer Cell Cytotoxicity by Interleukin‐6: Implications for the Pathogenesis of Macrophage Activation Syndrome Loredana Cifaldi Giusi Prencipe Ivan Caiello Claudia Bracaglia Franco Locatelli Fabrizio De Benedetti Raffaele Strippoli

[11] Guozhu Xie, Han Dong, Yong Liang, James Dongjoo Ham, Romee Rizwan, Jianzhu Chen, CAR-NK cells: A promising cellular immunotherapy for cancer, EBioMedicine, Volume 59, 2020, 102975, ISSN 2352-3964, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2020.102975.

by Antonio Carusillo on Nov 25, 2020

Feedback on the Proposed Usage of Exosomes

by Andrew Pan on Nov 24, 2020

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