Facebook PixelDesalinizing ocean water
Create newCreate new
Sessions onlySessions only
Ideas onlyIdeas only
Brainstorming session

Desalinizing ocean water

Image credit: https://weather.com/photos/places/news/2018-08-31-skeleton-coast-desert-meets-ocean-namibia

Spook Louw
Spook Louw Apr 07, 2021
Creating freshwater by purifying ocean water is called desalinization. Two of the most common ways to do this are reverse osmosis and distillation .
Why is this important? "Water scarcity impacts 40% of the world’s population, and as many as 700 million people are at risk of being displaced as a result of drought by 2030."- WHO

So why aren't we just purifying the ocean water then? Well, the short answer is, it's just too expensive.
The process of desalinization requires an immense load of energy, if we want to make it a viable option, we'd need to make use of renewable energy sources.
Currently, researchers are trying to use solar energy to power the process which makes sense as we often find that areas that need water tend to have a lot of sunlight available, but for some reason that I haven't been able to determine, the progress on this is very slow.

How else can we approach the water scarcity problems?
What other alternatives can be used to power the desalinization process?






Creative contributions

Passive distillation

Povilas S
Povilas S Apr 07, 2021
All you need to desalinize water is a simple distillation (by any means). The simplest way to distill water is to make it evaporate by heating and then collect the vapor on a slightly cooler surface placed over the evaporating water source. Even though it's the simplest way, it's also the least efficient, because you lose a lot of energy and water vapor (given you don't use special equipment) in the process. However, when talking about huge amounts of water ( in this case seawater), naturally high temperatures (deserts or other arid locations), and the need to reduce external energy input, this method might become quite efficient.

Such passive distillation process is pretty much described in this creative contribution. The water can also be harvested without additional equipment, directly from the walls and roof of the dome. All you need is to shape the construction in a way that the vapor condensed on its walls and roof would drip down along the flat surface and be collected into separate vessels. Such collecting vessels could also be placed in the middle of the dome, above the pool of salty water to catch the condensed water dripping from the roof.

What it would take in the case of seawater is to dig canals from the coast inland in deserted coastal areas like Sahara, for seawater to flood them and construct "distillation greenhouses" over those canals. The soil is very hot in the daytime in such areas and this would make water evaporate fairly quickly. The temperature inside the greenhouse would be even more extreme. If it were necessary to reduce the temperature of the roof and walls of such greenhouses to speed up water condensation, white or reflective materials could be used to minimize the heat they absorb from the sun. The bottom half of the greenhouse could be made transparent to let the sunshine heat the water.

However, it's not clear how efficient such a method would be, also desalinization might be not the only process required (depending on what the water is used for). To purify it further to the level good for drinking, additional methods will be necessary. Increased salinity of the remaining seawater is another problem to solve as Darko pointed out.

What can we do with the salt to prevent it from going back into the water or soil

Darko Savic
Darko Savic Apr 07, 2021
I remember we touched upon this topic in the comments area under this idea.

Could salt somehow be processed to make it insoluble in water? There is plenty of water on our planet, it's just that the salt makes it unfit for us.

Membrane distillation technology and light-harvesting nanophotonics

Darko Savic
Darko Savic May 12, 2021
This video shows a desalination system that uses a combination of membrane distillation technology and light-harvesting nanophotonics.
Darko Savic
Darko Savic3 months ago
XU: "We are the first researchers in the world to extract energy from the bulk water during solar evaporation and use it for evaporation, and this has helped our process become efficient enough to deliver between 10 and 20 liters of fresh water per square meter per day." https://www.universal-sci.com/article/solving-global-water-crisis-using-photothermal-evaporator
Spook Louw
Spook Louw3 months ago
I see that video is from 2017, do you have any idea why this hasn't been more successful since then?

Darko Savic
Darko Savic3 months ago
Here is something similar https://youtu.be/Fu-9JWfCM4Y

Add your creative contribution

0 / 200

Added via the text editor

Sign up or


Guest sign up

* Indicates a required field

By using this platform you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy.

General comments

Dragan Otasevic
Dragan Otasevic3 months ago
It's not a new video but describes a pretty cool solution https://youtu.be/PvV-iPdORLc A seawater greenhouse that uses a cardboard design to distill fresh water from salt water.

Also this one https://youtu.be/jUWdtwYh96c is a year older
Spook Louw
Spook Louw3 months ago
Dragan Otasevic Those are very cool, I'm just wondering why it hasn't been scalable and successful yet. perhaps it's simply just because, like the first video mentions, very few resources are actually dedicated to this specific problem, which is strange when one considers the far-reaching effects successful implementation would have.
Spook Louw
Spook Louw4 months ago
Darko Savic, Povilas S Here are two articles on the topic which I found interesting. While they both reach the same conclusion that we have been stuck with, namely that the process requires too much energy and that the brine released by the process is harmful to the environment it is interesting to see how the attitude towards desalinization seems to be changing. More people are seeing this as one of our only options, so I think this is definitely something worth thinking about.
https://theconversation.com/desalination-africa-should-rather-manage-its-water-resources-better-82948 was written in 2017 and https://www.afrik21.africa/en/africa-desalination-now-a-key-component-of-water-supply-strategies/ was written in 2020..