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Which are the problematics of porn?

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Martina Pesce
Martina Pesce Nov 17, 2020
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Necessity

Is the problem still unsolved?

Conciseness

Is it concisely described?

I would like to investigate with you the problematics of porn both within the industry and also for the external consumer?

From a theoretical point of view, the concept of porn may look like no big deal: it’s there for who want to watch, who is not interested in the content can easily avoid it, if actor/actress is there is because of their own will and they have law and rights protecting them.

This is unluckily not a real-world situation.

Porn consumption may create problems such as problematic use of online pornography, addiction and the industry may not be as respectful to sex workers as it looks like.
There are too many problematics for me to research them all and alone.
Help me figure out an accurate list of all the problems connected to porn consumption, once we have this, we can think about how do we fix porn’s problems and start using this tool for good.
8
Creative contributions

Relationship issues

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Jamila
Jamila Nov 18, 2020
Porn has a huge impact on relationships too. Porn usage has been associated with lower relationship quality for both men and women. Furthermore, porn can have psychological effects on the partner. Women reported low self-esteem because of their partner's porn usage. The women felt that porn sets up unrealistic expectations and made them feel worthless about their own bodies. Apart from this, porn has also been associated with an increased likelihood of divorce for men and women. So, it seems that porn may harm relationships too.

[1]Perry, Samuel L. "Pornography and Relationship Quality: Establishing the Dominant Pattern by Examining Pornography Use and 31 Measures of Relationship Quality in 30 National Surveys." Archives of Sexual Behavior (2020): 1-15.

[2]Stewart, Destin N., and Dawn M. Szymanski. "Young adult women’s reports of their male romantic partner’s pornography use as a correlate of their self-esteem, relationship quality, and sexual satisfaction." Sex Roles 67.5-6 (2012): 257-271.

[3]Perry, Samuel L., and Cyrus Schleifer. "Till porn do us part? A longitudinal examination of pornography use and divorce." The Journal of Sex Research 55.3 (2018): 284-296.

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Absence of unified law

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Martina Pesce
Martina Pesce Nov 17, 2020
Everywhere the law says something different, making it difficult to regulate. Since it is an online-based industry it is really easy to evade the problem of porn content not being allowed in specific countries by consuming the ones produced somewhere where it is allowed.
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Health care issues

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Martina Pesce
Martina Pesce Nov 17, 2020
Health checks on sex workers should be regulated way more strictly by law, especially in countries like the United States of America where even a common and simple sexually transmitted disease as chlamydia can literally empty your savings.
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Issues of stigmatization and difficulty in rehabilitation into the society

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Subash Chapagain
Subash Chapagain Nov 22, 2020
Here, I am thinking from the perspective of someone who is in the industry as a porn actor, not someone who is a consumer.
The porn industry is totally dependent on the physical abilities of the people who perform. Though there might be some kinds of porn in which older adults engage, most of the porn movies are centred toward youthful viewers and hence use youthful actors. Once the age wears out, the actors are no good for the money-milking industry. Hence, they are subjected to quit. Often, they don't have any other option.

When someone who had actively been in the porn movies quits and gets back into the non-porn realm of economic and social activities, it is highly problematic for the individual as our societies are not open enough to re-instate them back. These people find it hard to get back into normal lives- owing to the acute stigmas and judgements anchored to their past actions- and this can greatly affect their physical and psychological well being. Mia Khalifa, the famous porn star had revealed for example that, after she decided to quit porn and get back into normal life, it was extremely difficult for her to be accepted cordially by the society. She also stated that finding a normal job was a herculean task for her. Companies often deem it bad for their reputation if they hire someone who had been in the porn industry. Not just about finding a new job or getting paid, those who quit the porn industry will also have a hard time getting back to their own social circles. Depending on the cultural and social background, some might even be totally rejected and boycotted. There have been instances when porn actors were not accepted by their own families and friends even after they quit the industry. As such, the stigma greatly hampers the prospects of social life for these people.
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Common predictors for problematics

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Martina Pesce
Martina Pesce Nov 17, 2020
Predictors for problematic sexual behavior and pornography use are, across populations: being a man, young age, religiousness, frequent Internet use, negative mood states, and being prone to sexual boredom, and novelty seeking , which are extremely common features.

[1]Ross, M.W.; Månsson, S.-A.; Daneback, K. Prevalence, severity, and correlates of problematic sexual Internet use in Swedish men and women. Arch. Sex. Behav. 2012, 41, 459–466

[2]Ballester-Arnal, R.; Castro Calvo, J.; Gil-Llario, M.D.; Gil-Julia, B. Cybersex Addiction: A Study on Spanish College Students. J. Sex. Marital Ther. 2017, 43, 567–585

[3]Štulhofer, A.; Jurin, T.; Briken, P. Is High Sexual Desire a Facet of Male Hypersexuality? Results from an Online Study. J. Sex. Marital Ther. 2016, 42, 665–680

[4]Frangos, C.C.; Frangos, C.C.; Sotiropoulos, I. Problematic Internet Use among Greek university students: An ordinal logistic regression with risk factors of negative psychological beliefs, pornographic sites, and online games. Cyberpsychol. Behav. Soc. Netw. 2011, 14, 51–58

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Child abuse

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Martina Pesce
Martina Pesce Nov 17, 2020
Child abuse itself it’s a current, sad, and very problematic fact. Its frequency varies from country to country: in 2016, in the United States, about 15% to 25% of women and 5% to 15% of men were sexually abused when they were children ; in India, 76% of respondents to a survey said they had been abused as children .
Considering the incredible high occurrence of the issue, there is really no need to encourage it with pertinent porn content. Unluckily, there is still a good 2% of the online porn content which report child abuse that laws do not manage to hunt and shut down .
In addition to this, there are child pornographic materials created with computers and with adult actors wearing make-up or modified by computers to look like kids which are even harder to get rid of from the internet .

[1]Whealin, Julia (23 February 2016). "Child Sexual Abuse". National Center for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, US Department of Veterans Affairs. Archived from the original on 8 December 2016.

[2]Finkelhor D (1994). "Current information on the scope and nature of child sexual abuse" (PDF). The Future of Children. 4 (2): 31–53. doi :10.2307/1602522. JSTOR 1602522. PMID 7804768. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 October 2008.

[3]Gorey KM, Leslie DR (April 1997). "The prevalence of child sexual abuse: integrative review adjustment for potential response and measurement biases". Child Abuse & Neglect. 21 (4): 391–8.

[4] "India's hidden incest". BBC News. 22 January 1999. Archived from the original on 8 May 2013

[5]Bobbie Johnson. "Time taken to shut child abuse sites criticised". the Guardian. Retrieved 14 March 2015

[6]Virtueel filmpje geldt ook als porno, AD, March 11, 2008; ^ Paul, B. and Linz, D. (2008)

[7]The effects of exposure to virtual child pornography on viewer cognitions and attitudes toward deviant sexual behavior Archived 2008-05-13 at the Wayback Machine," Communication Research, 35(1), 3-38

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Addiction

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Martina Pesce
Martina Pesce Nov 17, 2020
Porn consumption if not conscious and cautious can easily create addiction. This is specifically likely considering the “triple-A” influence (accessibility, affordability, anonymity) that porn holds.
There is actually very much discussion on the topic of the possibility of being addicted to porn or not. There are positions sustaining the engagement of the typical brain region for addictions, there are those who claim it’s a way to get rid of tensions and anxiety and for this reason, is used in a compulsive way. Discussion is extensive and big, there is a nice review about it . Point is, we need more research, but there are a discreet amount of studies and reasons to be cautious. In many studies people have been asked to auto declared if they were addicted to porn, and in one study with a bigger champion of people, 1.2% of women and 4.4% of men considered themselves addicted.
Because of it not being a clear possible source of addiction is then not treated as such by law, with all the negative consequences of it: no campaign claiming for cautiousness, no sensibilization,…

[1]Kraus, S.W.; Voon, V.; Kor, A.; Potenza, M.N. Searching for clarity in muddy water: Future considerations for classifying compulsive sexual behavior as an addiction. Addiction 2016, 111, 2113–2114. [

[2]Najavits, L.; Lung, J.; Froias, A.; Paull, N.; Bailey, G. A study of multiple behavioral addictions in a substance abuse sample. Subst. Use Misuse 2014, 49, 479–484

[3]Ballester-Arnal, R.; Castro Calvo, J.; Gil-Llario, M.D.; Gil-Julia, B. Cybersex Addiction: A Study on Spanish College Students. J. Sex. Marital Ther. 2017, 43, 567–585

[4]Rissel, C.; Richters, J.; de Visser, R.O.; McKee, A.; Yeung, A.; Caruana, T. A Profile of Pornography Users in Australia: Findings From the Second Australian Study of Health and Relationships. J. Sex. Res. 2017,54, 227–240

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Problematic use of online pornography

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Martina Pesce
Martina Pesce Nov 17, 2020
The problematic use of online pornography is a sexual behavior that is part of hypersexual disorder.
Problematic use of online pornography may result in:
erectile disfunction specific to a real partner but not with porn
sexual dissatisfaction and sexual dysfunction, for both males and females which more precisely means being more critical of one’s body or their partner’s, increased performance pressure, and less actual sex , having more sexual partners , and engaging in paid sex behavior
comorbidities: problematic use of online pornography collects some conditions associated with hypersexual behavior such as anxiety disorder, followed by mood disorder, substance use disorder, and sexual dysfunction . In addition to that, the problematic use of pornography has also been associated with smoking, drinking alcohol or coffee, substance abuse , and problematic video-game use .

[1]Voon, V.; Mole, T.B.; Banca, P.; Porter, L.; Morris, L.; Mitchell, S.; Lapa, T.R.; Karr, J.; Harrison, N.A.; Potenza, M.N.; et al. Neural correlates of sexual cue reactivity in individuals with and without compulsive sexual behaviours. PLoS ONE 2014, 9, e102419

[2]Blais-Lecours, S.; Vaillancourt-Morel, M.-P.; Sabourin, S.; Godbout, N. Cyberpornography: Time Use, Perceived Addiction, Sexual Functioning, and Sexual Satisfaction. Cyberpsychol. Behav. Soc. Netw. 2016, 19, 649–655

[3]Albright, J.M. Sex in America online: An exploration of sex, marital status, and sexual identity in internet sex seeking and its impacts. J. Sex. Res. 2008, 45, 175–186.

[4]Wright, P.J. U.S. males and pornography, 1973–2010: Consumption, predictors, correlates. J. Sex. Res. 2013, 50, 60–71

[5]Wright, P.J. U.S. males and pornography, 1973–2010: Consumption, predictors, correlates. J. Sex. Res. 2013, 50, 60–71

[6]Mitra, M.; Rath, P. Effect of internet on the psychosomatic health of adolescent school children in Rourkela—A cross-sectional study. Indian J. Child Health 2017, 4, 289–293

[7]Starcevic, V.; Khazaal, Y. Relationships between Behavioural Addictions and Psychiatric Disorders: What Is Known and What Is Yet to Be Learned? Front. Psychiatry 2017, 8, 53.

[8]Frangos, C.C.; Frangos, C.C.; Sotiropoulos, I. Problematic Internet Use among Greek university students: An ordinal logistic regression with risk factors of negative psychological beliefs, pornographic sites, and online games. Cyberpsychol. Behav. Soc. Netw. 2011, 14, 51–58.

[9]Voss, A.; Cash, H.; Hurdiss, S.; Bishop, F.; Klam, W.P.; Doan, A.P. Case Report: Internet Gaming Disorder Associated With Pornography Use. Yale J. Biol. Med. 2015, 88, 319–324.

[10]Stockdale, L.; Coyne, S.M. Video game addiction in emerging adulthood: Cross-sectional evidence of pathology in video game addicts as compared to matched healthy controls. J. Affect. Disord. 2018, 225, 265–272

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