How to save the south brazil native pine forests by making the species more commercially interesting?
Image credit: Image by Germano Roberto Schüür, obtained from https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arauc%C3%A1ria
mschiav3Jun 02, 2022
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How to increase the value of and make the Araucaria tree forestation a very profitable activity?
South Brazil, encompassing the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and Paraná, is a region unique by its biome and forrest formation, specifically the "mata atlantica de ombrófila mista" (would be somewhat translated as mixed-humid atlantic forrest) which compose its landscapes. The ombrófila mista forrests used to be very large in the past and currently, only arround 3% of its original formation still remains. The forrest is composed mainly by the Araucaria angustifolia species, and is the south brazil native conifer forrest. The Araucaria angustifolia trees have a super interesting Biogeography history, the genus Araucaria has species in the south america South-cone and in Australia, New zealand and New Caledonia, it was a major genus exhisting during the gondwana supercontinent period. It was heavily explored for timber during the last two centuries. Araucárias have a distinct "mushroom cap" formation and produce seeds called pinhão. Pinhão is a very energy dense and nutritious seed and is known as a local delicacy, however, the potential for its seeds and plant is not fully explored. There are some araucária trees that can produce up to 200 Kg of pinhão seeds and many ways to use the products obtained from the Araucaria angustifolia trees are still to be explored.
I am looking for Ideas to increase the value of and make the Araucaria tree forrestation a very profitable activity. Discussing ideas like, subproducts from the seeds, liquors produced with tree parts, plant extracts, automation of seeds colection, machinery for seeds processing, marketing ideas, posible interest for exportation of products and subproducts, possible brands associated with Araucaria preservation, Tourism ideas, High-value products businesses ideas related to the araucaria trees and ways to kickstart those projects.
There is very hard to find english related articles about the araucária trees, I found this: Araucaria angustifolia and Wikipedia.
As I understood, people are cutting it down since it gives great wood and not planting it since the benefits of having it, but not cutting it, are very low. If that is so, I think that the first thing that you need is to compare the benefits (earnings) of cutting a tree and using its other potentials that you mentioned (nuts, pharma, tourism, ...).
In other words, calculate the price of the wood (minus all the expenses) you could get from 100 10-year-old trees. Then calculate the earnings from the sold nuts, tourism or other usages of these 100 trees. As long as the balance is shifted towards the cutting of the trees (or there are no governmental efforts of supporting the growth, as Povilas S said), you won't make progress here.
I understand that what you want are solutions, but if the balance is actually shifted towards the sustainable usage of trees instead of deforestation, then all you need is good propaganda. It could be a shortcut. People love earning. You just need to show them the numbers.
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Araucaria free climbing contests
J. NikolaJun 09, 2022
Free climbing is also called rock climbing. However, it doesn't need to be exclusively done on the rocks. One of the best climbers in the world, Chris Sharma, climbed a giant redwood tree! Araucaria could become a new trend where experienced or amateur climbers could compete. All the earnings could go to the forest conservation fund.
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Povilas SJun 02, 2022
Wikipedia mentions that the plant is widely used in folk medicine. There might be some uses that would "sell" well for the general public. For example, its antiherpes activity.
One could perform ethnobotanical research in the local region collecting the data about medicinal (and other) uses of A. Angustifolia by the natives, then pick the most valuable ones and preferably do subsequent phytochemical research (like the one about the antiherpes activity I linked) confirming the effectiveness of those uses. You'd then have scientific data to support the reforestation initiative.